Document Type : Review
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, University of South Africa, Florida Campus, Christian de Wet & Pioneer Avenue, Florida, 1709, South Africa
Department of Chemical, Geological and Physical Sciences, College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kwara State University, Malete, PMB. 1530, Ilorin, Nigeria
Institute for Nanotechnology and Water sustainability (iNanoWS), College of Science, Engineering and Technology, University of South Africa, Florida Campus, 28 Pioneer Avenue, South Africa
The invaluable advantages of smart nanomaterials are being explored in several fields nowadays which have made the nanomaterials applicable in sensing pharmaceuticals products at different concentrations in various media including nanomedicine, drug innovation, and delivery, and water treatment plants. Pharmaceutical detection in the food sector, biomedical diagnostics, and water monitoring are very cogent owing to the risks associated with the composition of these drugs when existing above permissible limits in a matrix. Therefore, this review summarizes the recent research activities on the use of smart nanomaterials for sensing pharmaceuticals in various mediums. Classifications and synthesis of various nanomaterials are also discussed. Lastly, the application of smart nanomaterials in sensing pharmaceuticals in various matrices was also reviewed. It is expected that this review will guide towards tailoring nanomaterials for sensing pharmaceuticals in different matrices and for possible improvement on their applicability.