A Review on the Development of Gadolinium Potentiometric Sensors

Document Type : Review


Department of Chemistry, Savadkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Savadkooh, Iran



Gadolinium is a rare earth element with various applications, which has led to the distribution of water-soluble compounds of this element and has subsequently, increased the chances of exposure of humans and animals to Gd3+. Given the effects this can have on human and animal health the analysis of gadolinium compounds has become more important and ion-selective electrodes constitute a set of versatile tools for this purpose. The manuscript tends to provide an overview on the elective polymeric membrane electrodes for the analysis of Gd3+ and their performance.