Voltammetric Determination of Trace Methyl Parathion using Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide Modified Carbon Screen-Printed Electrodes

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA

2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Ningbo University, Zhejiang, China

3 U.S. Army Natick Soldier Systems Center, Natick, MA, USA


Timely, efficient on-site detection of pesticides such as methyl parathion (MP) is crucial to ensure public health. This study introduces the first disposable electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ErGO) modified electrode for rapid MP detection. A square wave anodic stripping voltammetry method for the detection of MP was developed using these ErGO-modified carbon screen-printed electrodes.  Based on this study, graphene’s high electric conductivity and unique structure enhanced the sensitivity of the electrode for MP detection.  Following optimization of the pH, equilibrium period, deposition potential, and period, the methodology demonstrated high sensitivity and reproducibility. Using the enhanced experiment conditions, calibration experiments were performed with a concentration range of 0 to 150 µg L-1 of MP. A consistent oxidation peak was observed at -0.180 V. The calibration data showed the increase in the peak height was linearly correlated to the increase in MP concentration, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9854. The sensitivity of the developed methodology was 0.0887 µA (µg L-1)-1, and the limit of detection was 9.06 µg L-1. The methodology was successfully applied to multiple water samples, specifically river water, groundwater, and General Test Water, with recovery rates of 106.01% (standard deviation = 1.46%), 109.51% (standard deviation=0.44%), and 97.69% (standard deviation=1.49%), respectively.


Main Subjects