Electrochemical Photodegradation of Methyl Red using Reduction Graphene Oxide of Palm Shells Supported TiO2 Nanoparticle under Visible Irradiation

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi dan Kesehatan Avicenna, Kendari 93117, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jl. H.E.A. Mokodompit Kampus Baru Anduonohu, Kendari 93232 – Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

3 Chemistry Education Department, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Universitas Halu Oleo, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi 93232, Indonesia


Contamination of dyes such as methyl red in the aquatic environment causes numerous problems. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a novel catalyst that can quickly, accurately, and effectively eliminate dye contaminants. In this study, we report the successful preparation of a new candidate electrode, the rGOps-TiO2 composite, via a hydrothermal method. Additionally, the electrodes were characterized using X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic techniques such as FTIR, and microscopic techniques such as SEM-EDX to ensure the synthesis of the prepared electrode material. The photocurrent response indicated that the rGOps-TiO2 electrode exhibited higher visible light absorption compared to the undoped rGOps. The degradation efficiency of methyl red reached 90.04% in the UV irradiation-assisted photoelectrocatalytic process, which was significantly different from the efficiency achieved under visible light irradiation, which was 94.78%. Therefore, the photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) technique based on rGOps-TiO2 showed much higher degradation efficiency for methyl red compared to the photocatalytic (PC) technique. This suggests that PEC holds promise for the treatment of dye wastewater in aquatic environments.


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